An Open Letter to the President of South Sudan
H. E. Salva Kiir Mayardit
State House (J1)
Juba, South Sudan.
Pricey Mr President,
Your invitation to the opposition political parties to congregate in Juba with a purpose to type the Transitional Government of National Unity (TGNU) on 12 Might 2019, in accordance with the Khartoum Peace Settlement (KPA), is palpably untimely and devoid of perceptiveness.
It’s my thought-about view that the institution of the TGNU primarily precedes the implementation of the security arrangements, as set out in the agreement document, and not vice versa.
It thus appears more and more unlikely that the realization of the peace would ever be completed in view of the incontrovertible fact that your authorities evidently lacks both the resolve and wherewithal to usher in the urged peace in the nation.
This prudent and measured remark is a deliberate try and discourage a repeat of the current episode of extreme violence that occurred in Juba in July 2016.
Candidly speaking, no one in South Sudan can be eager to endure one other expertise of agony. The individuals of this younger nation have manifestly withstood excruciating pain for the final six years of the nation’s civil struggle.
Emphatically, this is a fateful state of affairs, attributable to your authorities’s absolute shortage of foresight for the country.
Undeniably, your government is most of the time held hostage by your Jieng tribal advisers, as a result of of your penchant and relish for tribal politics.
In this regard, plainly the realization of peace in South Sudan is far-fetched, as your authorities doesn’t possess what it takes to end the protracted violence in the country.
Equally, you’ve persistently said in public that the IGAD members imposed on you, the peace that you simply didn’t intend to signal. How’d you and your government then claim that you simply’re desirous about the current peace accord?
Regrettably, at the moment, your government is training tribal militia drive of 10,000 in Bahr El-Ghazal state. This info has been verified by a former military officer who fears for his life, is now hiding at a United Nations safety website in Wau.
The query to you as the President of the nation who seeks to type a Transitional Government of National Unity is: How’d this exploit tally with the scheme of things?
This motion categorically contradicts the spirit of the peace association in the country. You possibly can’t proclaim peace and create an Interim Government of National Unity while concomitantly, getting ready for ethnic conflict by way of the training of a large militia drive out of your ethnic group.
The robust and close alliance between your government and the tribally self-constituted physique, referred to as the “Jieng Council of Elders” (JCE), represents a worrying improvement. This body had earlier created the controversial 28 states again in 2015, and the main objective among others, was to institute and execute a land grab policy sanctioned by your authorities.
Certainly, by a Presidential decree, number 36/2015, you proclaimed the 28 states without any Parliamentary procedures adopted. The members of the JCE have technically but informally grow to be the de facto Parliament of South.
It’s primarily necessary at this juncture to state that there exists neither peace in the offing nor sparkles of hope and lightweight at the finish of the tunnel relating to the realization of peace in the country, largely since you and the JCE aren’t to have one in place.
My candid attraction to all is that, no any single opposition group ought to be cajoled and lured to Juba this time by the scheming JCE regime that you simply lead, and solely to confront a well-rehearsed subterranean conspiracy designed for cold blood assassinations and mass murders of opposition members, because it did occur earlier than.
Equally, I need to forbiddingly state that a return to the 2016 epoch of political imbroglio and carnage would unquestionably usher in a panorama of anguish and a consequent disintegration of South Sudan from its present status as a unified entity.
To determine a contextual wherewithal for my assertions, I’d similarly wish to remind all South Sudanese opposition groups about the ill-fated events of July 2016.
This’d allow all of us to know what’s in retailer for the opposition teams in the event that they move to Juba with an misguided perception of establishing the TGNU.
In July 2016, your JCE-influence, making use of a mixture of subornation and puffery, was successful in convincing the IGAD nations and different events in the worldwide group, together with the TROIKA, to exert strain on the leader of the SPLM-IO, Dr Riek Machar to relocate to Juba in an try and type the so-called Transitional Government of National Unity (TGNU).
At the moment, every stakeholder is quite aware of what transpired in that ill-omened yr. You alongside your aides-de-camp, did mount an abortive assassination bid on the life of Riek Machar in Juba in July 2016, and the sole objective was to remove the former First Vice President, once and for all, with a view to pave the means for the imposition of the controversial 28 states, destined for land grab and subjugation of non-Jieng ethnic groups in higher Upper Nile and Bahr El-Ghazal areas.
You’re conscious that you simply and the JCE lost no time in denouncing Riek Machar and falsely accusing him of trying to mount yet one more coup towards your authorities.
Juxtaposing the army strengths of your government vis-a-vis that of the SPLM-IO at the time, there existed immense disparity.
Whereas Riek Machar, the chief of the SPLM-IO was accompanied to Juba by roughly 1,300 troopers solely, who’re armed with mild weapons as his body guards, you swanked a number of divisions of the South Sudan army and armed with an enormous array of qualitative combat paraphernalia, together with battle tanks and a pair of helicopter gunships.
In addition to, your government had secured a backing of heavily armed troops from Uganda that have since then been conducting joint army operations alongside your troops towards the defensive armed opposition forces of the National Salvation Front (NAS) in Central Equatoria state at present.
It completely defeats logic on your government to ardently argue that the SPLM-IO had carried out an abortive coup in Juba in 2016 with just one,300 calmly armed body guards.
The story has turn into less vendible up to now because it’s dawned to the worldwide group that there’s truly no coup that occurred in Juba in 2016, however merely a calculated try by your authorities to expunge and silence opposition voices.
Now, a repeat of historical past is seemingly imminent, until one thing is carried out by all the opposition events arrayed towards your government to stop it from occurring, and that entails an authentic strategy to realize peace, starting with setting up the whole package deal of the security arrangements, as stipulated in the peace accord.
The cantonment of forces must primarily be achieved and the rival armies are then drilled collectively as a single entity to type the nucleus of the unified and non-tribal skilled military of South Sudan, and this indispensable process have to be completed prior to the formation of the TGNU.
The assertion that the TGNU must be shaped on the 12 Might 2019 and then be followed by the implementation of the safety preparations, is plainly fanciful, misleading and an infinitesimal statement.
Equally is the suggestion emanating from Juba that 700 troopers can be educated and cut up up in pari-passu of which 350 would guard the President and 350, his Vice.
This avowal undoubtedly sounds downright a rib-tickling circus, as a result of in practical terms, you personal the whole South Sudan army, and hence, don’t want bodyguards of 350 troopers.
Regrettably, your government isn’t for genuine peace as demonstrated on numerous occasions. It completely lacks the resolve and practicality to understand and accommodate peace in South Sudan, except by way of the phrases of what I’d call “the parochial JCE approach,” the place they take over the country as Jieng tribal group and topic any non-Jieng to oppressive rule.
Your argument that there’re no funds for executing the peace accord, especially the Safety arrangements, and that the international group should fund it, makes less sense. This assertion is far divorced from reality.
Your government has elevated the oil manufacturing ranges recently and thus generates tens of millions of dollars that’d be deployed to fund the peace agreement, however the verity stays that you simply aren’t prepared to sacrifice the JCE’s fascistic agenda of absolute subjugation of South Sudan on the altar of peace.
Immediately South Sudanese are being handled to an equivalent fictional narrative by the authorities in Juba, just like what’d surfaced in 2016.
Earlier than the relocation of the SPLM-IO chairman to Juba, your government had flimsily contended that the Bari group leaders around Juba had declined to allocate lands to the authorities for the objective of relocating the military to the periphery of Juba city, up to a distance of 25 kilometers radius.
This’d in impact have complied with the terms of the security association. Likewise, the regime additional claimed that it’d no funds to implement the agreement and that it’s necessary to type the government previous to the demilitarization association at the time.
Everyone knows in the present day that these claims by no means stood the check of candor, since the authorities wasn’t interested to have peace in the nation for worry of devaluing and compromising the tribal agenda of the JCE, calculated for the nation’s complete tribal domination.
In view of the flagrant breach of trust exhibited by you and your JCE henchmen in 2016, it’d not make sense for the South Sudanese opposition teams to entrust their collective physical security and political destiny in the arms of your JCE’s managed regime which’s braced to asphyxiate and extinguish all oppositions in the nation.
The presence of the overseas military and mercenaries now involved in skirmishes in Central Equatoria, Yei Sector, portends a bleak future and questions the claim by your authorities that it’s prepared to create a peaceable environment for the decision of the battle in the country as specified in the Revitalized Peace a Agreements.
One’d be tempted to interrogate the sincerity of your authorities about peace in South Sudan, when paradoxically, you’re forcefully drafting and coaching ten thousand (10,000) tribal military out of your region of Bahr El Ghazal.
What’d be the position of such cliquish tribal army in a peaceable South Sudan?
The current massacre of civilians in Wau doesn’t point out a wholesome path towards peace, yet you don’t need accountability for the hundreds of harmless civilians decimated by the regime.
Right now, tons of of hundreds of displaced civilians remain in refugee camps in nearly all neighboring nations and equally in UN compounds throughout South Sudan, barely for their bodily security, when you persistently make deafening clarion calls for peace and formation of a Transitional Government of National Unity.
How’d you reconcile these irreconcilable contradictions?
South Sudanese ought to perceive that the IGAD, TROIKA, UN and the AU wouldn’t magically emit peace in the nation.
These bodies are opportunistically predisposed, and would all the time pursue their pursuits while masquerading as real peace-making stakeholders.
Until South Sudanese come up to absolutely acknowledge their shortcomings with full earnestness, and surrender their self-centered characters embedded in ethnic affiliations, the country’d unfalteringly be locked up in perpetual bloody conflicts which’d perhaps end up in disintegration.
I’m thus inclined to supply my humble counsel to all as follows:
- Disband and disown the JCE tribal cluster in an effort to take away the principal hurdle that impinges on the whole peace agreement. Equally, the demarcation of the boundaries as it stood on 1 January 1956 must be effected, albeit the JCE possesses its personal parallel agenda of doom;
- For genuine and truthful peace to prevail in South Sudan, you’d hold at bay the hostile policies of the opportunistic overseas leaders, they’re primed to keep the nation aflame in a bid to perform their interests;
- You’d chorus from applying divisive political utterance in public as usually accomplished;
- You’d reduce your penchant for tribal politics and condoning venality (Corruption);
- You’d refrain from sanctioning clandestine murders as seen in the case of the unidentified gunmen, for settling political vendettas;
- You should halt the on-going coaching of the 10,000 tribal militia forces in Bahr El-Ghazal State. This exploit categorically negates the spirit of the peace association in the country.
- The determine under depicts the skeletal structure of South Sudan’s Political Control as advised in merchandise quantity 2 above. Your authorities should restructure it to mirror the genuine definition of South Sudan as a sovereign geopolitical entity;
Thank You, Mr. President.
Dr Peter Lokarlo Ngrimwa (PhD)
Graduate Faculty of Enterprise and Regulation (GSBL),
The Emily MacPherson Building
13, 379-405 Russell Road,
Melbourne, VIC, 3000
- Ambassador Ismail Wais, Head Particular Envoy to South Sudan
- E. Dr Abiy Ahmed, Prime Minister of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia and Chairman of the IGAD, Addis Ababa;
- E. Yoweri Kaguta Museveni, President of Uganda, State House, Entebbe
- E. Uhuru Muigai Kenyatta, President of the Republic of Kenya, State Home, Nairobi
- Dr Riek Machar Teny, Chairman and Commander in Chief of SPLM/A in opposition;
- Common Thomas Cirilo Swaka, Commander in Chief and Chairman of the National Salvation Front;
- All different unarmed opposition Political Parties
Skeletal Construction of South Sudan’s Political Management
|President Yoweri Kaguta Museveni of Uganda|
|President Salva Kiir of South Sudan|
|The fascistic Jieng Council of Elders (JCE)|
|South Sudanese Citizens beneath Kiir and JCE Totalitarianism|
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